There are several types of honey around the world. This mainly depends on the process of how bees create it. The properties of honey are determined by what local flora bees get the nectar from. Honey can either be monofloral or polyfloral. Monofloral means that bees collected pollen from a single type of flower. The polyflora type is made from bees that collect food from several sources. They are considered lower-grade when compared to monofloral kinds of honey. This is why they are either filtered or pasteurized. In stores, this is commonly labeled as Wildflower Honey.
Another way to classify honey is based on the processing that has been done to it. The raw variant is honey which is yet to be processed. It still contains all the other byproducts of honeybees such as royal jelly and beeswax. If you want to experience honey in its most natural form, then look into trying this one.
The second type is filtered honey. Filtering is done to remove solid chunks in honey. This is done as beeswax and other honey byproducts fetch a higher price and are used in making cosmetics. Filtered honey looks clear and lacks the texture that raw honey has.
Lastly, pasteurized honey is the one you are most likely to see in supermarkets. It is created by heating honey up to 160°F to ensure that mass-produced honey is safe as it increases shelf life. Another way to differentiate honey is by color. Lighter colored honey has a generally milder taste compared to darker honey. Here is a list of some of the more common types of honey you can get:
This is the most widely produced type of honey in America. It is thick, rich, mild to tangy flavor. It is the honey which mainly used in cooking and baking. Clover honey is also suitable for use as a spread for biscuits and other pastries.
Easily identified for its dark color and a robust, full-bodied taste. Buckwheat honey has a strong rich malty flavor. It also closely resembles molasses both in flavor and texture. Buckwheat honey is commonly produced in the Great Lakes region. It is also rich in antioxidants when compared to lighter varieties.
Sage honey is light in color. It is predominantly produced in the West Coast. It is fruity and has a similar mild flavor to clover honey. Sage honey is commonly used as an additive to other types of honey due to its very slow granulation.
Manuka honey is more known for its medicinal capabilities than its taste. It is produced from the Manuka bush indigenous to New Zealand. It has been used as an antibacterial agent for treating wounds. Applying Manuka honey to wounds helps regenerate the tissues and cells.
Manuka honey has a stronger flavor compared to other variants. Though, considering that it is one of the healthiest kinds of honey makes it worth a try. Drink one tablespoon each day to boost your immune system.
Tupelo honey is obtained from the swampy regions of Florida and Georgia. It has a buttery taste. Tupelo Honey has a distinct complex taste when compared to other honey variants. It is considered as one of the premium kinds of honey due to limited harvest time (less than a month). It may be difficult to obtain pure Tupelo honey as it has already gained as strong following and easily goes out of stock.
There are over 500 species of Eucalyptus plants which are mostly found in Australia and California. Eucalyptus honey has a mild flavor with a robust herbal aftertaste. It is not primarily used as a sweetener but can improve salads and other dishes. Eucalyptus honey also has a subtle aroma of menthol. It is recommended for people with cough and seasonal allergies.
Sourwood honey is harvested from sourwood trees in the Appalachian Mountains. As opposed to its name, Sourwood Honey has a sweet, rich flavor with a pleasant lingering buttery aftertaste.
Orange Blossom Honey
This type of honey is produced in several parts of Texas, Southern California and Florida. It has a light color, fruity flavor and sweet citrus scent.
Although this is just a shortlist of the many types of honey around the world. Consistency, taste, smell and color are some of the things that make each honey type unique. Not only can it make your food taste sweeter, some variants also have medicinal properties that have been used by ancient civilizations. Remember what you have learned from this article the next time you are buying honey to find the perfect variant for you.